Bali has a strong spiritual culture, especially Hindustani. At the Yadnya Mengwi Museum, tourists can witness firsthand the existence of collections that are closely related to the spiritual culture of the Balinese people. Panca Yadnya is known as a form of sacred offering by Hindus in Bali. The sacred offerings involve five spiritual dimensions, namely, Pitra Yadnya or worship of ancestral spirits, Manusa Yadnya or human perfection rituals, Rishi Yadnya or worship of saints, and the last is Bhuta Yadnya or offerings to sarwa bhuta.
This museum has kept a collection of tools used for the five yadnya rituals in this museum since 1974. Initially, this museum was named the Manusa Yadnya Museum. However, the local government then increased the number of collections and carried out a total rehabilitation. After that, the name was changed to the Yadnya Mengwi Museum.
Various Unique Collections of the Yadnya Mengwi Museum
There are 2 locations in the museum that are used to display collections. The two regions are in the south and center. In the southern part which is the front of the building, there is a collection of giant ogoh-ogoh which are used as part of the bhuta yadnya ritual. In addition, there is also an amphitheater stage here.
While in the middle is a place to display collections for the manusa yadnya ritual. The manusa yadnya ritual is closely related to the part of perfecting the good that exists in humans. There is a series that must be passed in every journey of human life, starting from pregnancy, childbirth, puberty, before adulthood, to death.
One of the manusa yadnya rituals that is often performed by the Balinese is the otonan or birth ceremony. This ceremony is held within 210 days after the birth of the baby. Apart from that, there is also the ngaraja sewala ritual which is performed when a person enters puberty. The Mapandes ceremony, which is carried out by sharpening teeth, is a moment to cleanse oneself from lust.
Not to forget, there is also a ritual in the form of marriage which is a form of one’s maturity. Finally the journey of human life will be closed with a funeral ritual. In Bali, the death ceremony can be carried out with a cremation ceremony or it can also be done through burial.
Entrance Ticket to the Yadnya Mengwi Museum
Visitors who wish to witness the spiritual culture of the Balinese people in this museum can visit free of charge. Those who come to this place are mostly middle and high school students. Apart from that, many foreign tourists also come because they want to do research on Hindu culture in Bali.
This place can also be visited at any time. There is no closing time. Visitors can choose the time of visit from Sunday to Saturday. Holidays only apply during the Nyepi celebration in Bali.
This museum is located on Jalan Ayodya in Dewa Mengwi, Badung Regency. If you want to go to this educational tourist spot, you can depart from Denpasar and cover a distance of about 18 km. Not far from this museum, you can also see the Taman Mengwi Temple Complex which is no less interesting.